The eternal Maya city of Chichen Itza, located in the Yucatan Peninsula, is a majestic carved prehispanic city.
It has been built by a great civilization, with the amazing workmanship. As a representation of his devotion, his main building is the temple that lies at the heart of the city, erected in devotion to the supreme God Kukulkan.
The evidence of a civilization that still lives can be seen and feel as we travel the road which leads to the different buildings. The visit to this city also includes a stop at one of the favored places The most recognizable structure here is the Temple of Kukulkan, also known as El Castillo. This glorious step pyramid demonstrates the accuracy and importance of Maya astronomy and
the heavy influence of the Toltecs, who invaded around 1000 and precipitated a merger of the
two cultural traditions. The temple has 365 steps one for each day of the year. Each of the temple’s four sides has 91 steps, and the top platform makes the 365th.
Devising a 365-day calendar was just one feat of Maya science. Incredibly, twice a year on the spring and autumn equinoxes, a shadow falls on the pyramid in the shape of a serpent. As the sun sets, this shadowy snake descends the steps to eventually join a stone serpent head at the base of the great staircase up to the pyramid’s side.
The Mayan’s astronomical skills were so advanced they could even predict solar eclipses, and an impressive and sophisticated observatory structure remains on the site today.
This great city’s only permanent water source was a series of sinkhole wells. Spanish records report that young female victims were thrown into the largest of these, live, as sacrifices to the Maya rain god thought to live in its depths. Archaeologists have since found their bones, as well as the jewelry and other precious objects they wore in their final hours.
Chichén Itzá was more than a religious and ceremonial site. It was also a sophisticated urban center and hub of regional trade. But after centuries of prosperity and absorbing influxes of other cultures like the Toltecs, the city met a mysterious end. by the ancient Mayan civilizations. A Cenote or Skink hole. It is an ancient and sacred formation, full of mysteries, where is worshiped Xibalba, god of the underworld. Its crystal clear and cold waters make this trip a refuge from the heat.
The expedition will end with the visit of Valladolid. This city is a jewel of the architecture of the colonial era.
See, feel and live this magical experience with us.